Today, let's take a look at the renewable resources biomass briquette fuel that can replace coal: wood sawdust particles. The processing process is as follows: Branch > through Shredder branch ->Turn into sawdust and go through Biomass granulator ->It is pressed into sawdust biomass particles. Now the prices of wood particles vary from place to place. For example, the factory price of wood sawdust particles in Hebei Province is 700-750 yuan / ton, Shandong is 750-800 yuan / ton, Henan is 850 yuan / ton, Zhejiang Province is 1100 yuan / ton, Hubei Province is 900 yuan / ton, so how much is the cost?
[raw material cost]
Take the branch wood raw materials as an example, the purchase price of sawdust, sawdust, shaving waste, etc. in the factory is 200-350 yuan / T (this is the price in 2014, and will increase year by year). According to the average price of 275 yuan / T, the average moisture content is about 38%, and the raw material price converted into finished product particles (moisture content of finished product particles is 8%) is 275 × (100-38 + 8) × 100 = 393 yuan / T.
[production energy consumption cost]
There are two costs, one is the cost of electricity consumption, the other is the cost of dry fuel. The unit power cost is 1200 × 0.74 yuan / kWh.
In order to reduce the drying cost, chips, scraps and ebony blocks in the collected raw materials are used as drying fuel. The current price is 340 yuan / T. the drying fuel consumption is about 0.04-0.055 tons per ton of finished products, and the median value is 0.047 tons. 340 × 0.047 = 15.98 yuan / T.
The total amount of the two items is 90.68 yuan / T.
[equipment wearing parts consumption and maintenance cost]
According to the above scale calculation, the consumption of vulnerable parts (mold, roller, lubricating oil, sealing parts, etc.) per 300 tons of finished product particles for tree sawdust particle molding is 5000 yuan / T (empirical data), and the unit cost is 5000 yuan / 500 = 16.67 yuan / T.
Equipment depreciation cost
Refer to Henan Guoming Machinery Co., Ltd Shredder branch The depreciation period of the equipment is 10 years and the monthly production is 1200t. The depreciation cost of the equipment is 1500000 × (8 years × October × 1200t) = 15.62 yuan / T.
For mass users, if the special tank car is used for bulk supply, the cost can be saved. Usually for small and medium-sized users must be packed to avoid loss and dampness during transportation.
Generally, 25kg bags are used in China, and 40 bags are needed per ton. If the unit price is 0.55 yuan, the packaging cost is 40 × 0.55 = 22 yuan / T.
The labor cost includes the wages of workers and managers.
In this scale, each shift needs 8 operators (including technical workers and general workers: 2 for raw material feeding, 1 for mixing and raw material pretreatment control, 2 for drying, 1 for shift leader (main control room of granulator), and 2 for packaging). Two shifts require 16 workers, and the average monthly wage of workers is 2900 yuan, so the wage of workers is 16 × 2900 yuan = 46400 yuan / month.
The salary of management staff (including factory director, cashier, cook aunt, etc.) is about 11000 yuan / month. (there is still room for basic salary of 2-3 people to be responsible for the expenses of loading personnel)
The total wage cost of the two items: (46400 + 11000) × 1200 = 47.8 yuan / T.
Operation and management cost (including office expenses, house rent, food, tax, industry and commerce, etc.). This cost is the most difficult one to calculate and has great flexibility. For the time being, the cost is calculated as 20000 yuan per month of Baolin energy sample plant (the specific situation is likely to overspend)
20000 △ 1200 = 16.67 yuan / T.
The cost of repayment of loan and interest, which varies greatly depending on the situation of specific investors. It is not easy to calculate and disclose the enterprise secrets here. It is not included in the cost calculation here, and the investor can deduct it from the income.
The total cost of the above items is 592.44 yuan / T.
This cost is the profit and loss point of the product. The sales price lower than the price will lead to the loss of the enterprise. With a certain profit, the reasonable ex factory price should be 750-850 yuan / T, otherwise, the enterprise can not survive, let alone develop. Of course, this is not absolute. If enterprises can tap the potential to reduce consumption, improve management level, and thus reduce production costs, there is still a certain space, they should rely on the level of management personnel to reflect their competitive advantages. The median value is 800 yuan / T. For further information on wood grinder, sawdust machine and biomass pellet machine, please consult 13523362446.